## In press:

#### The Internetization of International Migration

The Internet has revolutionized our economies, societies, as well as everyday lives. Many social phenomena are no longer the same as they were in the pre-Internet era: they have been “Internetized.” We define the Internetization of international migration, and we investigate it by exploring the links between the Internet and migration outcomes all along the migration path, from migration intentions to actual migration. Our analyses leverage a number of sources, both at the micro-and the macro-level, including the Gallup World Poll, the Arab Barometer, data from the International Telecommunication Union, the Italian population register, and unique register data from a migrant reception center in Southern Italy. We also distinguish between economic migrants —those who leave their country of origin with the aim of seeking better economic opportunities elsewhere —and political migrants —those who are forced to leave their countries of origin for political or conflict-related reasons. Our findings point to a consistently positive relationship between the diffusion of the Internet, migration intentions, and migration behaviors, supporting the idea that the Internet is not necessarily a driving force of migration per se, but rather an enabling “supportive agent.” These associations are particularly relevant for economic migrants, at least for migration intentions. Further analyses underscore the importance of the Internet inproviding a key informational channel which helps to define clearer migration trajectories. Read the working paper here: https://www.dropbox.com/s/0ldhar8zq7r8jmt/WP_Internet_migration_revised.pdf?dl=0

## Publications:

1. "The Internetization of International Migration", 2020. With Pesando, L. M., Stranges, M., Kashyap, R., and Billari, F. C. Forthcoming at Population and Development Review.
2. "Leveraging Mobile Phones to Attain Sustainable Development", 2020. With Kashyap, R., Pesando, L.M., Spinelli, S., and Billari, F.C. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences [Selected Media Coverage: Yahoo Finance, Social News, Nature Podcast]
3. "Demographic science aids in understanding the spread and fatality rates of COVID-19", 2020. With  Dowd, JB, Andriano, L, Brazel, DM,  Block, P, Ding, X, Liu, Y & MC Mills. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences [Selected Media Coverage: Il post, The Wall Street Journal, Wired, Vanguardia, La Repubblica, Avvenire, Corriere della Sera, We Forum, Daily Mail, The Economist]
4. "Mobile Phones, Digital Inequality and Fertility: Longitudinal Evidence from Malawi", 2020. With Billari F. and Trinitapoli J..   Demographic Research
5. "I’d Lie for You", with Georgia Michailidou, 2019.  European Economic Review 118 (2019): 181-192.
6. "Firm’s protection against disasters: Are investment and insurance substitutes or complements?" with Attanasi, G., Concina, L., and Kamate, C. Theory and Decision (2018): 1-31
7. "Lottery-and survey-based risk attitudes linked through a multichoice elicitation task", with Attanasi, G., Georgantzìs, N., and Vigani, D. Theory and Decision 84.3 (2018): 341-372.
8. "Macroeconomic conditions and well-being: do social interactions matter?" with Colombo, E. and Stanca, L. Applied Economics 50.28 (2018): 3029-3038.
9. "Macroeconomic conditions and health: Inspecting the transmission mechanism", with Colombo, E. and Stanca, L. Economics & Human Biology 28 (2018): 29-37.
10. "Connecting alone: Smartphone use, quality of social interactions and well-being", with Stanca L. and Tomasuolo M. Journal of Economic Psychology 63 (2017): 17-26.
11. "The Less Extreme, the More You Leave. Radical Islam and Willingness to Migrate", with Falco, C. World Development, Volume 88, December 2016, Pages 122-133
12. "The Effect of Particularism on Corruption: Theory and Empirical Evidence", with Stanca, L. Journal of Economic Psychology, Volume 51, December 2015, Pages 219-235

## BOOK CHAPTERS

Battiston, P., Gamba, S., Rotondi, V. (2019) "What does a young cheater look like? An innovative approach" in A. Bucciol and N. Montinari, "Dishonesty in Behavioral Economics", Elsevier.

Pesando, L., Rotondi, V. (2020: forthcoming) "Mobile technology and gender equality" in  Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Gender Equality.

## New projects

#### Harnessing the Potential of Big Data for Understanding the Impact of COVID-19 on Intimate Partner Violence in Italy

Despite the volume of studies leveraging big data to explore socio-demographic phenomena, we still know little about the intersection of digital information and the social problem of intimate partner violence (IPV). This is an important knowledge gap as IPV remains a pressing public-health concern worldwide, with 35% of women having experienced IPV over their lifetime and cases rising dramatically in the wake of global crises such as the current pandemic. This study addresses the question of whether online data from Google Trends and Twitter might help reach these hard-to-reach” populations using Italy as a case-study. We ask the following questions: Can digital traces help predict instances of IPV in Italy? Is their predictive power weaker or stronger in the aftermath of crises such as COVID-19? Preliminary results suggest that digital data using selected keywords positively predict actual calls to helplines with their predictive power being stronger in post-crises periods.

With: Selin Koksal, Luca Maria Pesando, and Asli Ebru Sanliturk

#### The Unintended Consequences of Mexico City Policy Enactment on Maternal and Infant Health Around the World

In this paper, we focus on the unintended consequences of the so-called Mexico City policy (MCP henceforth). Known by its opponents as the global gag rule, this policy concerns US government funding for healthcare organizations that provide family planning services around the world.  We show that, by restricting access to family planning programs and to modern contraceptive methods, MCP makes it harder for people (especially women) to get information and support on sexual and reproductive health with consequences in terms of maternal and infant mortality as well as HIV prevalence around the globe with worse expected outcomes for women from low SES background.

With: Kerim Can Kavakli

#### The Paradox of Parenthood and Happiness: Exploring the Role of the Brain

While both the conventional wisdom and the Second Demographic Transition theory suggest that having children is rewarding for individuals and increases their life satisfaction and happiness, the empirical literature across different disciplines has not yet found a clear answer on neither the direction nor the magnitude of the association between childbearing and happiness. Here we explore a possible mechanism that might explain the association between parenthood and happiness: the neuro-anatomical changes occurring to parental brains when transitioning into parenthood and the role played by empathy. After birth and two years afterwards women show
reduced gray matter volumes in regions subserving social cognition and in particular the amygdala, insula, precuneus, superior
temporal and medial prefrontal areas. Also fathers experience changes in their brain, although of smaller size.
These changes also affect affective domains, such as empathy and social emotions. At the same time, the literature documents that emotional distress and the perception of other people's pain activate neural structures (including the anterior cingulate cortex, anterior insula, and the amygdala) that are also involved in the direct experience of pain. As a result, we expect to find a negative relationship between parenting and happiness mediated by an increase in the ability to feel others' pain. We test this hypothesis by leveraging the richness of the \textit{UK Biobank Dataset} including the collection of genome-wide genetic data and resting and task-based fMRI of around 100000 participants aged 40--69 years old. Through the developed world, the high level of childlessness and the decrease in family size among those having children are timely and pressing policy issues. The fact that, in many although not all industrialized societies \citep{glass2016parenthood}, parents report lower levels of happiness than childless adults might possibly fuel the perception that having children is not rewarding thus reducing the desire to become parents. Understanding the reasons behind the usually observed negative correlation between parenthood and happiness is, therefore, crucial.

With: Nicola Barban, Carlo Reverberi, and Maria Sironi

## Working Papers:

1. "Trust in science and experts during the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy", 2020.  With  Pietro Battiston and Ridhi Kashyap. R&R.
2. "Safer if Connected? Mobile Technology and Intimate Partner Violence", 2020. With Luca M. Pesando. R&R.
3. "Mobile Phones and Attitudes Towards Women's Participation in Politics: Evidence from Africa", 2020. With Carlotta Varriale, Luca M. Pesando, Ridhi Kashyap, Rebecca Kirley, Colombe Ladreit, Chen Peng, Umberto Platini, and Juan Pablo Ripamonti. Submitted. This collaborative project was part of the first-year PhD course in Social Statistics held at Bocconi University within the PhD program in Public Policy and Administration (A.Y. 2018-2019). Submitted
4. "Lies have long legs. Cheating, public scrutiny and loyalty in teams", 2018. With Pietro Battiston, Simona Gamba, and Matteo Rizzolli, Econometica WP, WP 67. Submitted
5. "Investment, Insurance and Weather Shocks: Evidence from a Lab Experiment in Cambodia", 2016. With Chiara Falco, Dough Kong, Valeria Spelta, DEMM Working Paper n 10, University of Milano. Submitted
6. "Bombs and babies. Terrorism increases fertility in Nigeria", with Michele Rocca, 2019. Submitted
7. "Overconfidence, Misjudgment, and Market Entry: Experimental Evidence from Panama", 2019. Submitted
8. "Mobile Money and School Participation: Evidence from Low Income Countries", 2017. With Francesco Billari, Dondena Working Papers, Working Paper No. 10. Submitted
9. "The Day after the Bomb: Well-being Effects of Terrorist Attacks in Europe", with Luca Stanca and Emilio Colombo, 2019. Submitted
10. "What exactly is public in a public good game? A lab-in-the-field experiment", 2018. With Pietro Battiston, Simona Gamba, and Matteo Rizzolli. Under revision
11. "Mobile money and the labor market: Evidence from developing countries", 2019. With Chiara De Gasperin, and Luca Stanca. DEMS WORKING PAPER SERIES. No. 403 – March 2019. Under revision
12. "Impact of Home Gardening on Production and Diet Diversification. Evidence from a Field Experiment in Ethiopia", with Jacopo Bonan and Stefano Pareglio, 2015. WP 312, DEMS University of Milan-Bicocca.